How can the hottest automobile enterprises realize

2022-07-29
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How can automobile enterprises realize real-time logistics management?

the informatization practice of automobile industry is developing towards refinement. The real-time management JIT (Dr. James Mitchell, global automotive market director of "just in" Solvay engineering plastics) has been widely used and has achieved remarkable results. Real time logistics is produced with real-time production. With the development and popularization of real-time production, real-time logistics has also been rapidly developed and widely used

real time logistics is very different from general logistics. Real time logistics is no longer the scope of traditional economies of scale, but an economic management based on information technology and time. The core is that goods arrive at the right time. The adoption of real-time system can speed up the circulation of goods, reduce the inventory level, make the replenishment time more accurate, and achieve the goal of reducing costs and improving service levels

an efficient and flexible production system cannot be realized without the support of efficient real-time logistics. How can automobile enterprises realize real-time logistics management? Toyota's practice can bring enlightenment to the industry

rely on parts manufacturers to ensure real-time logistics supply

real time logistics cancels the concept of warehouse. Toyota just designated a place for temporary stacking, where raw materials and spare parts were stacked for hours or even minutes and then received

under the Kanban system, many parts have to wait until the next manufacturing process takes a few hours before they are put into production. In order to keep the logistics up with the pace of production and avoid stock shortage, when seller Royal designed and created becoz - seller Royal's comfortable environment-friendly cushion series - seller Royal inspected every link in the production process or production delay, Toyota adopted a new "pull-out method", that is, when necessary, the personnel in the later process went to the previous process to receive the processed products, This method exists in the whole production range (including the supply of parts and raw materials outside the enterprise), so that the initiative is in the hands of the enterprise itself, and real-time logistics services are available when needed

real time production can play a role in the company's current main products, including electronic universal testing machine and hydraulic universal testing machine. In addition to "just in time production", it also needs the real-time logistics of spare parts manufacturers. For this reason, Toyota adopts CAD/CAM technology, decomposes the picture by computer, designs the structure of each part of the car body according to these data, and then produces the prototype model by cam, and then assigns it to the parts manufacturer to meet the production needs. Most of the spare parts manufacturers are located in the same industrial park, which not only reduces the transportation cost, minimizes the loss during transportation, but also reduces the required inventory

the relationship between spare parts manufacturers and enterprises is a long-term and stable cooperative relationship, as well as a special contractual relationship. Most of the output of a spare parts manufacturer is supplied to one or two main engine manufacturers, and the main engine manufacturers generally have certain shares and command power in the suppliers. Due to its dominant position in the long-term trading relationship, large enterprises can require cooperative enterprises to adopt the "best time" supply system, reduce inventory and improve the effective operating rate by supplying parts in a timely and appropriate amount

the requester of real-time logistics will provide certain funds and technical assistance to promote the concepts and methods of real-time production and real-time logistics. At the same time, suppliers will more or less establish a certain buffer inventory in case of accidents. Although it can not completely avoid losing long-term contracts, the quantity has been greatly reduced

provide real-time logistics services for dealers and customers

Toyota combines the real-time production system with the sales network, connects the computers of dealers all over Japan with the computers of Toyota head office, and the sales staff can inform the production line of the contents of customer orders in real time, thus forming a large-scale information system, greatly simplifying the ordering procedures, and the orders can be transferred to the computers of the head office on the same day, The delivery time has been reduced by more than 10 days, and the inventory of dealers has also been reduced by 70-80%, greatly reducing the inventory cost. As a result of the establishment of a flexible sales system, the products are divided into small batches and sold at a faster speed, further reducing the cost of products in the circulation field

in terms of transportation, for products exported overseas, Toyota City, where Toyota is located, is only 50 kilometers away from the coast. Cars can always drive from the production line to the wharf, and ocean going ships also wait for shipment in real time. It eliminates the inventory cost that a certain number of cars must be collected before shipment. After arriving at the port, it will be distributed by the computer and directly handed over to the dealers without storage

Toyota implemented the people-oriented real-time logistics strategy and provided education and training to all dealers; According to the information fed back by the market, give appropriate guidance to the dealers' promotion policies and business problems, such as commodity knowledge guidance, salesperson training, business management or financial guidance, store design, advertising guidance, etc., and assist them in sales and after-sales service from the perspective of personnel and technology, so as to improve sales efficiency. During the recession, through negotiation, the company will jointly bear the negative impact of profit reduction, forming a relationship of risk sharing and benefit sharing

real time logistics management should change with the business environment

with the development of economic globalization, the concept of a one-stop service field that the world's major businesses can provide from loading to packaging in the shortest time has become a reality today. Multinational enterprises seek and control the source of raw materials from all over the world, establish production bases in different countries, and sell their products to the international market. Globalization intensifies the competition in the world market, and at the same time makes the developed countries see the great potential contained in the markets of developing countries. Market globalization inevitably requires the globalization of enterprise logistics functions. To implement the global logistics strategy, it is necessary to establish and maintain an international logistics network. One of the important points is to develop the enterprise's real-time logistics system and promote the enterprise's global logistics strategy

at the same time, since the 1980s, there has been a wave of enterprise merger and reorganization all over the world. Many enterprises improve asset utilization and operation efficiency through mergers and asset restructuring, and give play to their core advantages. As a result of enterprise restructuring, many enterprises began to cut down management personnel and peel off non-performing assets, resulting in more and more enterprises using third-party logistics services, namely "resource outsourcing", and the logistics strategy of enterprises also changed

the speed of responding to customer needs is another important factor affecting the logistics strategy of an enterprise. Enterprise logistics can play a very good role in improving the service level of dealers and customers. At the same time, it will also affect the operation, cost and sales of dealers. A single and constant service level is based on the same customer needs. However, with the continuous maturity and development of the market, different target markets and different types of customers put forward different requirements for service level. Enterprises must face up to this reality and implement flexible logistics strategies to meet the needs of different customers

to sum up, the change of the enterprise's business environment has had an important impact on the enterprise's logistics strategy. Many large automobile manufacturers in Japan, the United States and Europe have adopted new logistics strategies to adapt to today's economic environment. This trend is worthy of in-depth study by domestic automobile enterprises. (end)

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