How will 3D printing counter attack the unpreceden

2022-10-01
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How will 3D printing of "unprecedented crisis" made in China counter attack

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core tip: this year, due to various recessions, the collapse of China's manufacturing industry is also surging. With the intensification of manufacturing costs and the increasingly fierce market competition, China's manufacturing industry is also increasingly exposed to problems. Although new manufacturing technologies such as 3D printing and robots have emerged this year, and relevant industrial policies have been issued, the majority of enterprises that cannot adapt to the current situation are still under pressure and shut down one after another. Perhaps, this year, China's manufacturing industry officially "unprecedented crisis"

[China Packaging News] this year, due to various recessions, the collapse of China's manufacturing industry has also surged. With the intensification of manufacturing costs and the increasingly fierce market competition, China's manufacturing industry is also increasingly exposed to problems. Although new manufacturing technologies such as 3D printing and robots have emerged this year, and relevant industrial policies have been issued, the majority of enterprises that cannot adapt to the current situation are still under pressure and shut down one after another. Perhaps this year marks the unprecedented crisis in China's manufacturing industry

over the past ten years, made in China has come to the forefront of the world with the logo of made in China and become the pride of Chinese people. However, this winter, the cold current is constantly coming

As the new year approaches, news of factory closures has come one after another from some major manufacturing provinces: Nokia will close its factories in Beijing and Dongguan, and tens of thousands of manufacturing enterprises in Dongguan and Suzhou will go bankrupt. Enterprises in Wenzhou's traditional manufacturing industry are dying out every day.

Li Guangdou, a famous brand strategy expert, recently wrote that with the gradual disappearance of the demographic dividend, made in China is facing an unprecedented crisis. China is experiencing the hollowing out of the manufacturing industry, and the proud industries such as shoes and lighters are losing their aura. If the demand factors do not change, made in China will disappear in a few years. In the future, the connotation of made in China should be more embodied in brand and innovation

On January 10, it was reported that Microsoft planned to shut down the Nokia Dongguan factory before the Spring Festival, and the factory was recently speeding up the transportation of production equipment to the Vietnam factory. Meanwhile, the Microsoft Nokia plant in Beijing will also be shut down simultaneously

put the time back to December 2014. First, Suzhou LianJian technology, a well-known parts OEM, announced its bankruptcy, and then LianJian's brother companies, MasterCard and Liansheng, located in Dongguan, closed down one after another

it is understood that LianJian technology used to be an apple screen supplier, and later cooperated with Xiaomi for several years. At the time of brilliance, there were more than 20000 employees. In 2014, the business deteriorated, and there were more than 3000 employees before the bankruptcy. MasterCard and Liansheng had 7000 employees when the two factories closed

when LianJian technology announced its bankruptcy, Hong Hui technology, a Nokia parts supplier also located in Suzhou, also announced its shutdown and laid off most of its employees. Honghui technology mainly produces various keys, magnesium alloy shells, car stereos and other plastic parts. The company has more than 10000 employees at most

after Liansheng, MasterCard and LianJian, the boss of the parts manufacturer Dongguan aosiri deshipu Electronic Technology Co., Ltd. owed 135million yuan and ran away, and 400 employees lost their jobs. In addition, a miscellaneous manufacturing enterprise in Dongguan, Zhaoxin communication, closed down due to the rupture of the capital chain, more than 1000 employees lost their jobs, and chairman Gao Min committed suicide

according to media reports, Dongguan Liansheng defaulted on its suppliers' payments for more than two months, totaling 120million yuan. The boss of Dongguan osiruide owed the supplier 60million yuan when he ran away. The chairman of Zhaoxin communications even bluntly stated in the letter of doom that the bankruptcy of Zhaoxin would lead to the destruction of several suppliers

industry insiders estimated that at least hundreds of large factories in Dongguan closed down or stopped production before the Spring Festival

facing the manufacturing crisis is not only Suzhou and Dongguan, which are manufacturing intensive, but also Wenzhou, which is known as the capital of manufacturing and is famous for producing glasses, shoes and lighters

Wenzhou is now experiencing the hollowing out of the manufacturing industry, and the proud industries such as shoes and lighters are losing their aura. In previous years, shoe factories in Wenzhou only took a week off during the Spring Festival, but this year, many shoe factories took a month off before the Spring Festival. All the production lines of small shoe factories are shut down, and only one production line is opened for maintenance in large shoe factories

lighter enterprises are also having a hard time. Affected by the economic environment, foreign orders are decreasing, domestic labor, material and land costs are rising year by year, enterprise profits are getting thinner and thinner, and lighter business is becoming more and more difficult. Last year was a difficult year for Wenzhou manufacturing industry, manufacturing profits were thin, and switching to real estate encountered a real estate crisis. The life of Wenzhou manufacturing industry is becoming more and more difficult

once upon a time, made in China was the pride of Chinese people. By virtue of its low cost and other advantages, China once attracted the new national standard for non-9 types of food contact materials and products, and officially implemented the new national standard, with less foreign investment in China's manufacturing industry, and the demographic dividend once supported China's economic development. The situation is changing. Now, made in China is facing an unprecedented crisis, and more and more people are pessimistic about the prospects of China's manufacturing industry

it is pointed out that if the central government does not adjust the current macroeconomic policy in time, it may lead to the tragedy of the collapse of the manufacturing industry. At that time, it will not only hit the economy hard, but also cause mass incidents and a huge impact on social stability

behind the crisis: supply and demand have changed dramatically but are not strong

manufacturing enterprises in the Yangtze River Delta and the Pearl River Delta are clustered, and the production level and manufacturing scale are mixed. According to the law of market survival, it is not new that dozens of enterprises close down every year. However, the successive enterprise closures in major manufacturing provinces are different from the past, and the reasons for this enterprise closures are worth pondering. Perhaps there are some other elements. At the current stage of the new scientific and technological revolution, many enterprises follow the trend and use the hottest 3D printing technology and robots, Internet +, to build smart factories, so as to survive. Of course, those enterprises that do not conform to the current situation have become scapegoats

Li Guangdou, a famous brand strategy expert, pointed out that the market is developing in a continuous cycle of supply and demand, and so is the manufacturing industry. From the perspective of supply, what supports the development of manufacturing industry is labor, and the hydraulic ones are generally microcomputer controlled capital and total factor productivity; From the perspective of demand, the development of manufacturing industry is supported by investment, consumption and net exports. Now there is a crisis in the manufacturing industry, which is largely due to changes in supply and demand

the article points out that from the perspective of supply, the first is the shortage of labor supply. Now China's labor force population can no longer be compared with that of previous years. At present, China's labor force population is showing a shrinking trend, with the population aged 15-59 shrinking from 660000 to 945 million from 2011 to 2012, while the number of working age population has decreased by 5.6 million from the peak in 2011 to 2014

the decline of the labor population will affect the labor supply. If the labor supply is insufficient, the labor cost will rise. The high labor cost has become a major reason affecting the development of enterprises

from the perspective of demand, China's loose monetary policy in the past has brought about a serious problem of excessive investment. According to statistics, China's fixed asset investment accounted for 46.1% of GDP in 2012, much higher than the world average of 23.8%. Investment stimulates demand and the development of manufacturing industry. However, in an extensive way, it only focuses on the quantity and scale of products, ignoring the quality of products. In production, it does not pay attention to the development of technology and innovation, which in turn will affect enterprises' ability to meet demand well

take LianJian technology as an example. When LianJian technology was doing product processing for apple, it expanded its production equipment according to the growth prospects of Apple's sales. However, these equipment were mainly used in the previous models of iphone4s. Since Apple launched iphone5 and iphone6 with thinner screen requirements last year, LianJian technology's products could not adapt, and finally because of its backward technology, low yield The cost is too high, and apple has excluded it from the list of suppliers

according to Yaojingyuan, a special researcher of the Counselor Office of the State Council, the problem of made in China is that it is big but not strong. Our machine tools account for 38% of the world's output, but our high-end CNC machine tools basically rely on imports. Our steel output ranks first in the world, but the steel wire ropes of high tonnage cranes on ports and docks have to be imported. Our aluminum output is the first in the world, but we have to import the aluminum used in aircraft. We make an average of three and a half sets of clothes per person every year, but such large export clothes are basically OEM

Yao Jingyuan said, for example, a considerable part of apple is produced in China, and for every apple we produce, 49% of the profits are taken away by the United States. Japan took more than 30%, South Korea took more than 10%, and China took 3.63%

recently, the official of the Ministry of industry and information technology published an article entitled "opening a new chapter in the strategy of building a strong manufacturing country", as one of the key work reviews in the field of industry and information technology in 2014. The article puts forward that China's manufacturing industry is facing the dual challenges of both developed and developing countries. If China wants to win in the new pattern, it can only speed up the realization of manufacturing industry from big to strong

the front and back attack can be described as an accurate judgment made in China at present. On the one hand, some Southeast Asian countries are making efforts in the middle and low-end manufacturing industry. With cheaper labor than China, they have attracted foreign-funded enterprises originally in China to transfer production capacity, and even some Chinese local enterprises have built factories in Southeast Asia; On the other hand, due to the rapid increase of China's commercial costs, the foreign-funded high-end manufacturing industry originally produced in China has returned to developed countries, which also control a large proportion of high-end manufacturing technology and production capacity

the way to upgrade made in China

in fact, after so many years of development, most of China's manufacturing industry is still at the lowest end of the industrial chain, with meager profits, and product technology can't keep up with market development. Many phenomena at home and abroad show that manufacturing enterprises are unwilling to spend capital to transform and upgrade, they will have to face the nightmare of bankruptcy

under the combined influence of domestic and international factors, the downward pressure of made in China is indeed not small. Experts pointed out that although the comparative advantage of traditional manufacturing has declined, there is no need to belittle ourselves. China is forming a new competitive advantage by changing the mode, adjusting the structure and promoting reform. As long as manufacturing enterprises fully implement the innovation driven strategy, unswervingly promote the adjustment, transformation and upgrading of industrial structure, and open up a broader market space for the development of manufacturing industry, they can seize the opportunity in the future

Yaojingyuan, a special researcher of the Counselor Office of the State Council, believes that under the economic situation of the new normal, innovation is the driving force of economic structure reform

he said that in the past, in the international division of labor, we were basically at the end of the international industrial chain, lack of independent intellectual property rights, OEM production, and earn meager hard work. Now we should constantly improve our core competitiveness through internationalization

Yao Jingyuan believes that the era of low cost is gone forever. If China's manufacturing industry wants to have a say in the global market, it must have the courage to transform and upgrade and promote Chinese manufacturing

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