AI cooperation is an opportunity that cannot be missed. China and Germany work together to strengthen AI innovation
under the slogan of "made in Germany, AI", Germany plans to invest 3billion euros to support the development of its AI by 2025
image source: German federal government station
in November 2018, Germany launched the federal government AI strategy. The picture comes from today's viewpoint
at the recently concluded seventh China (Shanghai) international technology import and Export Fair, the artificial intelligence (AI) technology introduced by the overseas guest of honor Saarland, Germany, received a lot of attention. Previously, the unveiling ceremony of the Sino German AI cooperation center and the Sino German AI accelerated incubation center was held in Shanghai on the 17th. The continuous cooperation between China and Germany in the field of artificial intelligence shows that the two sides complement each other's advantages and have a broad prospect of joint innovation
Germany is catching up in the field of AI
in recent years, with the continuous progress of big data, cloud computing, algorithms and computing power, artificial intelligence technology has made breakthroughs, which is pushing mankind into the intelligent era, or will lead a new round of industrial reform. Major developed countries in the world regard the development of artificial intelligence as a major strategy to enhance national competitiveness, and strive to take the lead in the international scientific and technological competition
in October 2016, the United States issued the national strategic plan for artificial intelligence research and development, which identified seven long-term strategies for the development of artificial intelligence. In July 2017, China issued the "development plan for a new generation of artificial intelligence", emphasizing the need to grasp the major historical opportunities for the development of artificial intelligence and lead the new trend of the development of artificial intelligence in the world. Germany has been focusing on its "industry 4.0" strategy. It did not raise the importance of artificial intelligence to a national level until November 2018. It launched the "federal government's artificial intelligence strategy, whose high rigidity (tortuosity modulus increased by 50%) also brings the possibility of lightness and material saving". It plans to invest 3billion euros a year by 2025, which is related to the cutting method and rolling direction of samples, Establish a national innovation network consisting of 12 AI research centers, and increase at least 100 professor positions in related fields
Germany has taken many strengthening measures for the AI strategy, hoping to bring the industrial intelligence of human beings, whose working objects are generally metal products such as iron plates, into the framework of "industry 4.0", and further improve the intelligence level of German manufacturing industry through AI. On the one hand, Germany has strengthened cooperation with France, Sweden and other countries in the field of artificial intelligence, promoted the implementation of the European Artificial Intelligence Laboratory Alliance (certlab), and actively participated in the ai4eu project launched by the European Commission; On the other hand, German local governments and enterprises have also increased investment to support the development of artificial intelligence. For example, Baden Wuerttemberg has invested 6million euros to add young professors in the field of artificial intelligence in many universities such as Freiburg and Heidelberg
Germany urgently needs a suitable Ai Road
however, a series of German measures have not yet seen significant results, while at the same time, the anxiety of the German industry is rising significantly. In March, a survey of 700 members of the German Society of engineers showed that 61% and 67% of the respondents believed that China and the United States were in the leading position in the field of artificial intelligence; Only 14% of the respondents believed that Germany was still in the leading position in the field of artificial intelligence, while the survey data in 2018 was still 30%
at the Hannover Industrial Expo in April, the German Association for electronic and electrical information technology (VDE) released its own research report. According to the survey data of 1300 member enterprises and universities, only 10% of enterprises and 7% of universities believe that German universities can keep up with the pace of the United States and China in AI research. Ansger Hintz, chairman and CEO of VDE, admitted that insufficient investment and lack of talents have limited the development of artificial intelligence in Germany
some critics in Germany believe that there are problems in the development strategy of artificial intelligence in Germany, and they do not pay enough attention to the rapid development of "artificial neural network and autonomous learning system". Chancellor Merkel's speech at the opening ceremony of this year's Hannover Industrial Expo once again confirmed Germany's concern that it still needs to accelerate the development of artificial intelligence. Although she only launched her AI development strategy last autumn, Merkel bluntly said that "yesterday's AI strategy is not enough for tomorrow". She herself is not sure whether "Germany is ready to participate in the global competition of artificial intelligence"
China and Germany have great potential for AI cooperation.
Merkel's concern is not unreasonable. Germany has a echelon of talents in the field of artificial intelligence, supported by long-term theoretical research and advanced laboratory technology, but it lacks data and demand support, and there is no corresponding technology giant enterprise, which is difficult to transform into market force. As related innovations are more concentrated in vertical professional fields, Germany's opportunity actually lies in connecting AI with its technical know-how in industrial production, automation and machinery manufacturing, and realizing the transformation from business models to industrial applications
in contrast, China happens to have very complementary resources with Germany, including unparalleled amount of data, rich research facilities, huge technical force and powerful sources of funds. China's massive users and huge market can bring rich application scenarios, and can quickly realize the industrialization of technology at affordable production costs
industry experts believe that the innovation and development of artificial intelligence cannot be separated from the free flow of science and technology and human resources around the world. China and Germany have a good foundation for cooperation, but we should also pay attention to abandoning some habitual thinking and strengthening equal and mutually beneficial technical cooperation. Facing the new scientific and technological revolution, cooperative innovation is the best choice. Whether we can seize the opportunity of the new round of scientific and technological revolution is the same for China and Germany. The key is to seize it bravely. Otherwise, "if we miss an opportunity, we may miss a whole era."
(SciTech Beijing, April 23)