Russia's grain output hit a new high by increasing

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The Russian Ministry of agriculture station announced on October 11 that as of October 10, Russia had harvested 129 million tons of grain this year. Earlier, Russian President Vladimir Putin announced through the presidential palace station that Russia's grain output this year is expected to reach about 130 million tons, more than 120 million tons last year. Russian agriculture minister Tkachev also said that according to the current situation of the development of the grain industry, in the future, "Russia can steadily harvest more than 100 million tons of grain every year"

after several years of silence, Russia has become a "major grain country" and dominated wheat exports. Will the world food pattern be affected? For China, can the increase of Russian grain open up new space for agricultural cooperation between the two countries

a series of policies have stimulated the enthusiasm of agricultural production

Russia has unique conditions for developing agriculture, with a cultivated area of more than 120million hectares, ranking in the forefront of the world. However, the economic policy of the Soviet Union was biased towards heavy industry, which led to the lack of agricultural development for a long time, and food production did not receive due attention

Putin has publicly said that some western countries have imposed economic sanctions on Russia since 2014, causing it to lose more than $50 billion and causing the price of traditional products to fall, including oil, natural gas, steel, chemical industry, etc. This forced Russia to make up its mind to carry out economic structural transformation

three years ago, as an important measure of "anti Western sanctions", Russia decided to prohibit or restrict the import of agricultural products from some western countries, vigorously promote the policy of "import substitution" in its agricultural field, and support the development of a number of non raw material enterprises. This policy has an immediate effect: in 2014, Russia's grain output reached 104 million tons, exceeding the amount required for Russia's food security

in the following two years, Russia continued to increase agricultural investment. In 2016, the Russian government spent 224 billion rubles (about 57.9 rubles per dollar) on supporting agriculture. In 2017, due to the long-term downturn in international oil prices, the Russian Ministry of Finance formulated the "most stringent" budget, but the investment in agriculture did not decrease

A series of policies stimulated the enthusiasm of agricultural production. Tass has conducted a survey and found that most of the rich in Russia are investing in new projects in the agricultural field. When starting the measurement, people actually do not know the location of the measurement head. According to the survey, the current experts of "elites involved in agriculture" believe that the elephant reflects the public's optimistic outlook for Russian agriculture. In addition, according to the data released by the Agricultural Bank of Russia, in 2016, the bank cooperated with the Russian Ministry of agriculture to provide more than 9200 loans to small and medium-sized agricultural enterprises, with a total amount of about 191.5 billion rubles. These confirm what Putin said from one side: agriculture is now one of the most prosperous economic fields in Russia

the good situation of Russian agriculture will continue. According to the data released by the Russian Ministry of agriculture on the 5th, Russia's wheat production this year is expected to reach 81.4 million tons, The potential of grain export in 2017-2018 agricultural year is expected to be 535. Press the start button to start the electromechanical system (the red signal lights up 0 million tons. Tkachev publicly said that Russia plans to increase the sown area of grain crops by 10million hectares from the current 47million hectares by 2030, and increase the grain output per unit area to 3000 kg per hectare.

Russia's current grain export rate is 28% higher than last year.

as a major grain country and major grain exporter in the world, the increase in Russia's grain output also affects the global grain market 。

the food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations predicted in the "grain supply and demand briefing" released at its headquarters in Rome earlier this month that the global grain output would reach 2.612 billion tons in 2017, a record high. The report said that in view of the strong growth trend of wheat cultivation in the European Union and Russia, FAO raised the relevant data, predicted that the wheat production in 2017 would reach 750million tons, and believed that Russia's position as the world's largest wheat exporter would be strengthened

in the agricultural year from July 2015 to June 2016, Russia's wheat export volume was 24.6 million tons, 3.5 million tons more than the United States, becoming the world's largest wheat exporter for the first time. According to the annual agricultural data from 2016 to 2017, although the United States regained the top spot in wheat exports, Russia's wheat exports remained among the top three in the world

according to the Russian Ministry of agriculture, Russia's current grain export rate is 28% higher than last year, and its grain exports to the global market will further increase. At present, in many countries, Russian wheat is crowding out the market share of the United States. Egypt is the largest importer of wheat in the world, but it is difficult to find American wheat in its market. In India, Bangladesh and other South Asian countries, the share of Russian wheat has been rising in recent years

for the global food supply, especially the importing countries, Russia's grain harvest and the increase of export scale are good. At present, Russia has exported food to more than 130 countries, which helps food importing countries to establish a global food supply chain and adopt diversified strategies to disperse the structural risks of overseas food supply and ensure their own food security

China Russia cooperation in the field of agriculture will be more extensive and in-depth

not long ago, at the first meeting of the government cooperation committee of Northeast China and the Far East and Baikal regions of Russia held in Khabarovsk, moskovic, chairman of the Russian agricultural group, called on: Russia has become an important exporter of grain, oil and food in the world, and China has the largest grain and oil consumption market in the world, Can the two countries carry out more cooperation in grain import and export and even agriculture? Moskovic's words have won resonance between Russia and China

In December 2015, China and Russia signed the protocol on phytosanitary requirements for the export of Russian wheat, corn, rice, soybeans and rapeseed to China. China has approved the import of wheat from Altay border region, Krasnoyarsk border region, Novosibirsk and Omsk, as well as corn, soybeans, rice and rapeseed from Khabarovsk border region, Binhai border region, outer Baikal border region, Amur state and Jewish Autonomous Prefecture

in March this year, the Krasnoyarsk border region branch of the Federal Animal and Plant Health Supervision Bureau of Russia handled a plant quarantine certificate for a batch of wheat with a total amount of 500 tons harvested in 2016. This is also the first time that the border region exports wheat to China

according to the head of China's state grain administration, the quality of Russian wheat is very good, and health and safety are also very guaranteed. China hopes that Russia will export wheat to China. But at the same time, he stressed, "there is a principle, that is, to operate in the market. Where, what and who Chinese enterprises buy grain must be selected according to market principles."

Yu Xubo, President of COFCO China, also revealed that they plan to import 1million-2million tons of wheat and other grains from Russia every year, which may reach 4million-5million tons per year in the future

there is much more room for cooperation. Garushka, Minister of Far East Development of Russia, has repeatedly said that he welcomes Chinese enterprises to cooperate with Russia in grain processing. In order to further expand the cooperation between the Far East and China in the field of agricultural production, the Ministry of Far East Development and relevant Chinese enterprises have established an agro Industrial Development Fund. At present, some Chinese enterprises have built pork processing enterprises and soybean and wheat deep-processing enterprises in Vladivostok

with the rapid development of Russian agriculture, it is believed that the cooperation between China and Russia in the field of agricultural nylon plastic used in oil pan and automobile lightweight will be more extensive and in-depth

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